Saturday, March 2, 2024

EU grants 210 mln to Mauritania to curb irregular migration – Euractiv

The EU will assist Mauritania curb the variety of migrants passing via the nation en path to Spain’s Canary Islands, European Fee President Ursula Von der Leyen and Spanish Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez introduced throughout a go to to the West African nation on Thursday (8 February).

The announcement marks the most recent EU take care of an African nation aimed toward financing a variety of sectors but additionally serving to to curb irregular migration to Europe, following preparations with Tunisia, Morocco, and Egypt up to now 12 months.

Through the ceremony, additionally attended by Mauritanian President Ould El-Ghazouani, some €210 million was introduced as an funding to prop up Mauritania’s efforts. Whereas the nation doesn’t share a border with the EU, it sees a big variety of asylum seekers passing via its territory.

Sanchez’s attendance may be traced to the truth that in keeping with official data, 83% of migrants arriving at Spain’s Canary Islands by way of irregular routes cross by Mauritania.

The West African nation additionally hosts greater than 100,000 of refugees, primarily from Mali, UN company for refugees (UNHCR) knowledge exhibits.

Von der Leyen additionally introduced that the EU will assist Mauritania to ‘securitise’ the borders with Mali, which has been engulfed in battle since 2012.

She described the EU-Mauritania deal as overlaying a variety of tasks, from the inexperienced transition and inexperienced hydrogen to safety.

In Brussels, the European Fee instructed journalists on Tuesday (8 February) that it had knowledgeable member states concerning the deal forward of the go to. Nevertheless, the EU government didn’t specify which form of authorized process was utilized.

The EU has a number of agreements and tasks in African international locations overlaying totally different issues. In a few of them, as an example, the EU has been investing for years in coaching, help, and the provision of apparatus for border guards at land and sea.

EU grants €87m to Egypt for migration administration in 2024

Over 2024, the EU will present €87 million and new tools to Egypt for a migration administration undertaking began in 2022, applied by the UN migration company and the French Inside Ministry operator Civipol, three sources near the matter confirmed to Euractiv. 

Mauritania’s rising profile

Given its peripheral location and low profile, Mauritania had up to now principally escaped public consideration.

Nevertheless, MEPs have beforehand lobbied for that to vary, with some stating that Mauritania’s relative stability made it an exception within the area, swept by army coups and insurgencies in recent times. 

“As social democrats, we help partnerships which are primarily based on the rules of rule of regulation and human rights – Mauritania is a mannequin for this,” Katarina Barley, an S&D MEP and the lead candidate of Germany’s Social Democrats for the European election, instructed Euractiv.

Earlier EU migration offers in Africa had been topic to controversy as a result of situations for asylum candidates and the authoritarian streaks of associate governments.

Situations in Mauritania have been considerably higher, comparatively talking, Barley argued, including that the EU ought to give attention to propping up like-minded regimes as “equal companions”, which she hopes will probably be a “mannequin for cooperation between north-west Africa and the EU.”

The EU deal additionally stands within the context of the rising geopolitical significance that Mauritania enjoys as a result of its pure gasoline reserves and strategic location by the Atlantic coast.

These options have made it topic to overtures from the likes of Russia and China, whereas NATO has additionally moved to accentuate its collaboration with the West African state.

[Edited by Zoran Radosavljevic]

Learn extra with Euractiv

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